An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in or on a person’s ovary. The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. Ovarian cysts are common in women with regular periods. In fact, most women make at least one follicle or corpus luteum cyst every month.
You may not be aware that you have a cyst unless there is a problem that causes the cyst to grow or if multiple cysts form. About 8% of premenopausal women develop large cysts that need treatment. Ovarian cysts are less common after menopause. Postmenopausal women with ovarian cysts are at higher risk for ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow inside or on top of one (or both) ovaries. A cyst is a general term used to describe a fluid-filled structure. Ovarian cysts are usually asymptomatic, but pain in the abdomen or pelvis is common.
- Functional Cysts
- Benign Neoplastic Cysts
- Endometriotic Cysts
- Malignant Cysts
Hormonal imbalance can lead to a higher chance of developing an ovarian cyst. Hormonal imbalance can be triggered by ongoing fertility treatments or other underlying issues.
Once the egg is released from the follicle, corpus luteum cysts can sometimes continue growing into a woman’s pregnancy. Many times, the cyst may resolve on its own during pregnancy or after.
Endometriosis is a fairly common condition that causes the endometrial cells from the uterus to grow beyond the uterine walls. Endometrial tissues can attach to your ovaries and form a cyst.
Pelvic infections can lead to the formation of cysts if the infection reaches the ovaries.
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Painful bowel movements
- Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- Painful intercourse
- Pain in the lower back or thighs
- Breast tenderness
- Severe or sharp pelvic pain
- Faintness or dizziness
- Rapid breathing
- Nausea and vomiting