Tubectomy, also known as tubal sterilization, is a permanent method of contraception in women. It is a surgical process that blocks the fallopian tubes, thereby preventing the egg released by the ovary from reaching the uterus.The technique of laparoscopic tubectomy has been helpful in increasing the popularity of female sterilization operations.
Tubectomy is indicated when a woman who doesn’t wish to conceive in the future voluntarily requests this permanent method of sterilization.
A woman considering permanent sterilization through tubectomy ought to consider the following points:
- Reasons for wanting to opt for permanent sterilization
- Whether tubal ligation is the best option for her
- Side effects, risks and complications associated with the procedure.
- Whether other methods of contraception might be more suitable.
A few small incisions are made around the belly button. A telescopic device known as a laparoscope is inserted through one of the cuts. There is a small camera at the tip of the laparoscope which transmits images to a screen, providing the surgeon with a view of the internal organs. Guided by the images and working through the tiny cuts, the surgeon inserts special instruments to seal the tubes by cutting parts of them or by blocking them using clips.